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17/05/20

Children care


We can understand the danger of accidents that can befall onto our children. So we need to be extra careful when there are abrasions, cuts or even scratches as it can result in dire consequences if we are not taking good care of it at the right time. We know that children have the tendency of running around the house and causing vases or other types of glass material falling on the ground which can eventually end up in scratches or even cuts. And there are outdoor activities which should be carefully supervised or else there might be abrasions that could be caused by knocking against a wall or rock that will be unavoidable. These types of injury are happening most of the time whenever children get to play.

It is understandable that cuts are being caused by sharp objects and can be easily penetrating into the skin or doing damage on the skin's surface. Scratches will be in the form of mild cuts. It can be also the cause by any sharp objects like a piece of glass, thorn or even a knife. We do know that even fingernails can easily cause a scar. When we look into abrasion which can be caused by friction or rubbing of the skin onto the rough surface. We have seen before like rug burns or board burns can caused this kind of abrasion since it will be the cause of friction.

For all these cases above, this can result the wound to be bleeding. When it bleeds, there will be the tiny blood vessels located just beneath the skin which ends up getting rupture. As we understand that when this happens, platelets will form a clot to stop this bleeding and a scab can be formed. This should be pulled out as that will in fact interfere with your healing process of the body. However when the bleeding does not stop, then the wound should be covered using a soft cloth. After doing so, the wound itself should be cleaned by using some lukewarm water with mild soap at the same time. Antibacterial ointment should be applied as to clean the wound and thereafter to be covered up by using a bandage. The purpose of the antibacterial ointment will actually aid to kill germs. As for the bandage, it helps to prevent bacteria from getting onto the wound and preventing it from getting to be bothersome thereafter. However, you will need to change the bandage everyday and the wound itself must be kept dry at all times.

Luckily for all the abrasion, cuts as well as scratches do not really require any sort of special attention for most of the cases we encountered. However when the scratch is made by animal claws or the abrasion is caused by a rusty metallic surface then you should immediately consult a doctor since the animal itself might have rabies or the rusty metallic surface can cause septic. Therefore, it will depend on individual situation, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics, lotion or even consider a shot. Again it is always a good idea for parents to make sure that their kids are given the tetanus shot on a regular basis. As we know that the wound might not be caused in dangerous circumstances but however it might be because of negligence, the wound can easily end up with infection of bacteria. When the wound is infected then it will likely to show symptoms like redness, swollen skin or even production of puss which can be shown as yellow or green in color.

As for cuts which can sometimes be very deep as well as long. For these cases, there might require to have stitches as an option. This is just a simple procedure. This means that the area of the wound will likely be made numb by using some kind of anesthesia. This can be done by injection or simply applied directly on the wound. After that, the doctor will then sew the cut edges together with a needle and thread. When the cut is not big enough, then the cut is sealed with some kind of special glue instead of doing the stitches. This type of glue will be able to hold the edges together so that the skin underneath will be able to heal over a period of time and the glue will simply dissolve. The cut will require to be check with the doctor every week so that the doctor will be able to analyze the improvement of the situation. Once the wound is completely healed, the stitches are then cut open with a scissors and then the threads are slowly being pulled out. For most of the cases, the wound will unlikely to leave any sort of scar behind. However this will totally dependent on the method and effectiveness of the treatment being used.

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Children care



Article or News Share by: Dorothy Ong
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